Audio Normalization: What Is It and Why Do We Do It?

First let’s define our terms so there’s no confusion. There are two kinds of audio normalization, and the first is Loudness Normalization. LUFS, which stands for Loudness Units relative to Full Scale, are a measurement of loudness over the entire length of an audio file — the podcast standard is -16 LUFS (recently challenged by Amazon and …

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Universal Basic Income — Untethered from Tax and Moral Compulsion

For the last nearly five years I’ve been working on an economic “theory” — more like a concept, really — that addresses the un-tethering of taxes and moral compulsion from the idea of Universal Basic Income. This was a big issue for me when UBI was first brought to my attention because it just seemed like more welfare and …

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